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Plant Information

Scientific Name: Coffea arabica (a.k.a 'Arabian coffee, Mountain coffee

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  • Perennial
  • Arabian coffee is indigenous to Ethiopia.
  • It is an attractive small tree with shiny dark green leaves and fragrant white flowers followed by clusters of green berries which turn red or purple when fully ripe.
  • It ripens variable, throughout the year.
  • Their height and spread is in a pot 2m + 1m and 5m if grown outdoors in the ground.
  • Coffee plants do not like frost or cold conditions.
  • Plant outdoors in in a protected area in filtered shade – avoid direct sun especially during the hottest part of the day.
  • Always keep them moist but ensure adequate drainage.
  • They make great indoor plants if provided with strong light and warm humid conditions - avoid rooms with air conditioners.
  • Avoid ‘wet feet’, especially if planted in pots that stand in a tray of water, as roots can rot.
  • They prefer rich, loamy, well drained soils with a neutral to slightly acidic ph.
  • Feed with organic fertilizers – they are sensitive to high salt build in soils so avoid using chemical fertilizers if possible.
  • Regular pruning can be done to keep the plant compact and manageable.

Culinary Uses

  • Roasted beans are ground shortly before the coffee is made.

Parts Used

  • Ripe fruits are treated to remove the 2 seeds from the fleshy outer layer.
  • The seeds are then roasted.

Medicinal Uses. It is said that

  • Arabica coffee beans are rich in plant-based antioxidants which are known to have special anti-inflammatory effects.
  • Coffee contains some nutrients (niacin and potassium) but is mainly drunk for the taste and stimulating effects.
The information contained within this website is for educational purposes only. This site merely recounts the traditional uses of specific plants as recorded through history. Always seek advice from a medical practitioner.

Mountain Herb Estate, and its representatives will not be held responsible for the improper use of any plants or documentation provided. By use of this site and the information contained herein you agree to hold harmless Mountain Herb Estate, its affiliates and staff

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